Point Group S10

S10 E 2C5 2(C5)2 i 2(S10)3 2S10
Ag 1 1 1 1 1 1
E1g* 2 2cos(2π/5) 2cos(4π/5) 2 2cos(2π/5) 2cos(4π/5)
E2g* 2 2cos(4π/5) 2cos(2π/5) 2 2cos(4π/5) 2cos(2π/5)
Au 1 1 1 -1 -1 -1
E1u* 2 2cos(2π/5) 2cos(4π/5) -2 -2cos(2π/5) -2cos(4π/5)
E2u* 2 2cos(4π/5) 2cos(2π/5) -2 -2cos(4π/5) -2cos(2π/5)

Additional information

Number of symmetry elements h = 10
Number of classes, irreps n = 10
Number of real-valued irreducible representations n = 6
Abelian group yes
Optical Isomerism (Chirality) no
Polar no
Parity yes

Reduce representation to irreducible representations

E 2C5 2(C5)2 i 2(S10)3 2S10

Genrate representation from irreducible representations

Ag E1g* E2g* Au E1u* E2u*

Direct products of irreducible representations

Binary products
Ag E1g* E2g* Au E1u* E2u*
Ag Ag
E1g* E1g2Ag⊕E2g
E2g* E2gE1g⊕E2g2Ag⊕E1g
Au AuE1uE2uAg
E1u* E1u2Au⊕E2uE1u⊕E2uE1g2Ag⊕E2g
E2u* E2uE1u⊕E2u2Au⊕E1uE2gE1g⊕E2g2Ag⊕E1g

Ternary Products
Quaternary Products

Symmetric powers [Γn] of degenerate irreducible representations
Vibrational overtones

irrep 2] 3] 4] 5] 6]
E1g* Ag⊕E2gE1g⊕E2gAg⊕E1g⊕E2g2Ag⊕E1g⊕E2gAg⊕2E1g⊕E2gMore
E2g* Ag⊕E1gE1g⊕E2gAg⊕E1g⊕E2g2Ag⊕E1g⊕E2gAg⊕E1g⊕2E2gMore
E1u* Ag⊕E2gE1u⊕E2uAg⊕E1g⊕E2g2Au⊕E1u⊕E2uAg⊕2E1g⊕E2gMore
E2u* Ag⊕E1gE1u⊕E2uAg⊕E1g⊕E2g2Au⊕E1u⊕E2uAg⊕E1g⊕2E2gMore

Spherical harmonics and Multipoles
Symmetric Powers of Γxyz

Spherical Harmonics Yl / Multipole Symmetric Power [Γl(xyz)]
l 2l+1 Multipole Symmetry Rank l(xyz)]
s (l=0) 1 Monopole Ag 1 Ag
p (l=1) 3 Dipole Au⊕E1u 3 Au⊕E1u
d (l=2) 5 Quadrupole Ag⊕E1g⊕E2g 6 2Ag⊕E1g⊕E2g
f (l=3) 7 Octupole Au⊕E1u⊕2E2u 10 2Au⊕2E1u⊕2E2u
g (l=4) 9 Hexadecapole Ag⊕2E1g⊕2E2g 15 3Ag⊕3E1g⊕3E2g
h (l=5) 11 Dotricontapole 3Au⊕2E1u⊕2E2u 21 5Au⊕4E1u⊕4E2u
i (l=6) 13 Tetrahexacontapole 3Ag⊕3E1g⊕2E2g 28 6Ag⊕6E1g⊕5E2g
j (l=7) 15 Octacosahectapole 3Au⊕3E1u⊕3E2u 36 8Au⊕7E1u⊕7E2u
k (l=8) 17 256-pole 3Ag⊕3E1g⊕4E2g 45 9Ag⊕9E1g⊕9E2g
l (l=9) 19 512-pole 3Au⊕4E1u⊕4E2u 55 11Au⊕11E1u⊕11E2u
m (l=10) 21 1024-pole 5Ag⊕4E1g⊕4E2g 66 14Ag⊕13E1g⊕13E2g
n (l=11) 23 2048-pole 5Au⊕5E1u⊕4E2u 78 16Au⊕16E1u⊕15E2u
o (l=12) 25 4096-pole 5Ag⊕5E1g⊕5E2g 91 19Ag⊕18E1g⊕18E2g

First nonvanshing multipole: Quadrupole

Further Reading

  • A. Gelessus, W. Thiel, W. Weber. J. Chem. Educ. 72 505 (1995)
    Multipoles and symmetry

Ligand Field, dn term splitting

Term symbols for electronic configurations dn
dn Term Symbols
d1 = d9 2D
d2 = d8 1S, 1D, 1G, 3P, 3F
d3 = d7 2P, 2D (2), 2F, 2G, 2H, 4P, 4F
d4 = d6 1S (2), 1D (2), 1F, 1G (2), 1I, 3P (2), 3D, 3F (2), 3G, 3H, 5D
d5 2S, 2P, 2D (3), 2F (2), 2G (2), 2H, 2I, 4P, 4D, 4F, 4G, 6S

Term splitting in point group S10
L 2L+1 Term Splitting
S (L=0) 1 Ag
P (L=1) 3 Ag⊕E1g
D (L=2) 5 Ag⊕E1g⊕E2g
F (L=3) 7 Ag⊕E1g⊕2E2g
G (L=4) 9 Ag⊕2E1g⊕2E2g
H (L=5) 11 3Ag⊕2E1g⊕2E2g
I (L=6) 13 3Ag⊕3E1g⊕2E2g

Last update August, 12th 2020 by A. Gelessus, Impressum, Datenschutzerklärung/DataPrivacyStatement